How is osteoporosis diagnosed?

If your doctor feels you are at risk, your bone mass can be measured by means of a bone mineral density (BMD) test.

This gives a definitive score that indicates the density of your bones. This is a painless, non-invasive X-ray procedure that takes about 15 minutes. Your physician can then recommend appropriate treatment. It will also enable monitoring of the effects of treatment if you have regular tests.

Information sourced from International Osteoporosis Foundation ( and National Osteoporosis Foundation South Africa (

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